English Essay on Religious Causes

English Essay on Religious Causes

English Essay on "Religious Causes"

Religious Causes

Although at the outset the English had shown respect towards all religious yet with the passage of time they changed their mind and devised ways and means for the propagation of Christianity in Indo-Pakistan. The Government officials often became vocal in their intentions to convert the locals to Christianity. Mr. Mangles chairman of the Directors of the Company while speaking in the House of Commons said.

“Province has entrusted the extensive empire of Hindustan to England in order that the banner of Christ should wave triumphant from one end of India to the other.educationsight.blogspot.com Every one must exert all his strength that there may be no dilatoriness on any account in continuing in the country the grand wok of making all Indians Christians.”

The missionaries enjoyed full government support. They were allowed to perform their work at all public places. The Bible was included in the syllabi of various educational institutions. Orphans, widows and distressed people were converted to Christianity. Moreover as act was passed through which the converts were allowed to inherit their ancestral properties. The Indians became suspicious of this act because they thought that this act was passed in order to facilitate conversion to Christianity. It may be interesting to note that even the highest ranked officials did not conceal their efforts of preaching Christianity. To quote Lord Dalhousie:

“It is announced also as a matter of great significance that the daughter of the Raja of Coorg had been baptized and that our gracious sovereign was her god-mother.” Keeping in view all these facts is interesting to note that the leaders of the war of Independence like Nana Sahib, Rani of Jhansi, Maharaja Peshwa Bahadur and Bahadur Shah Zafar called upon the people to defend their faith against the propagation of Christianity.

Introduction of new inventions: In the mid of the 19th Century, the British introduced in Indo-Pakistan many inventions like railway, post and telegraph. Moreover they made English as medium of education. These inventions made the Indians suspicious of the intentions of the British. They considered these inventions as moves of some ulterior motives on the part of the rulers.

Jehad Movement: Syed Ahmed Shaheed launched the Jehad Movement in the second decade of the 19th century. It was a sort of large-scale effort by the Muslims to snatch freedom from alien rule. After their initial successes at Akora and Hazru the Mujahdeens were defeated at Balakot in 1831. The Jehad Movement though failed to achieve immediate aims yet it succeeded in kindling a flame of freedom which served as a beacon of inspiration for the coming generations. In 1857, particularly the Muslims were conscious of the need to overthrow the British Government.

Anti-religion Laws: The British Government enacted many laws which wee contradictory to the fundamentals of various religions of Indo-Pakistan. For example, rape was declared a civil offence. It greatly aroused the feeling of the Muslims. Similarly the widow remarriage act offended Hindu religious sentiments. The abolition of the age-old Hindu custom of Sati produced the dame results.

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