English Essay on Major Problem of Pakistan

Major Problem of Pakistan

English Essay on "Major Problem of Pakistan"

National integration is a major problem of Pakistan and it is in turmoil condition here. Our politicians have always used “India’s enemity” as an element of integration. In our country, there are the following groups who have different aspects regarding nation building. There is a group, which thinks that provinces should be given autonomy and centre should have responsibility of co-ordination among the provinces, foreign affairs, defence and budget distribution. Another group with the base of “Two Nation Theory” think Islam as the only element of national integration.

The last group which includes both of the aforementioned groups to some aspects in its vision, consider India as a threat to our country and whole of the nation writes at this point against India.educationsight.blogspot.com Pakistan has a variety of cultures lingual groups and even religions and we lost our base of two nation theory in 1971 with the separation of East Pakistan and appearance of Bangladesh as an independent state. There was a same religion in East and West Pakistan but this element could not prevent the disintegration.

Moreover, after following provincial autonomy concept, we cannot even achieve national integration too. As there are different cultures, lingual groups, religions and ideologies in each province. Using cross border element i.e. India as an element of uniting the nation against our enemy, our politicians achieved integration for a time being, but in actual, the problem remained as it is.

The reason behind this core issue is our politicians, as our leaders do not have clear image on the topic. After the independence of the country, the approaches of our political leaders toward the solution of the issue. The dictators mostly tried to suppress the nation to integrate it, but this approach made the problem more complicated. These approaches caused a war conflict in East Pakistan and we lost that part. After-wards Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, to escape from rebellion movements of different provinces for independence, declared the country as one unit. The formula of one unit acted positively in Bhutto’s period but the outcome was wose than before.

General Zia-ul-Haq used religion as an element of integration but that concept was person specific. In the beginning the formula generated its objectives but afterwards it failed. In the period of Benazir Bhutto, Baluchistan became more sensitive regarding its integration with rest of the nation. Nawaz Sharif Government has to face crisis regarding the matter and religion and Indian threat were tried to be used as bases for integration.

Musharraf government also used its policies which has effect for time being. Now a days provinces autonomy is going to be appeared as a hope towards nation building. But this provincial autonomy is government specific and not public specific. As the politicians take steps to save their governments and their present. The future is also kept in mind, but this future is the personal future of the political leaders but the steps taken are not about the future of the public and future of the nation.

In actual, there is no balance of power among the provinces from where this problem originates and provinces blame other provinces, specially Punjab which is the biggest province on the basis of population. From the days of independence, Muhajirs in Sindh gained business power and Punjabis gained political power. Anyone who have not any of these powers were left for behind. Therefore Punjab became the leading province in policy making and the politicians of other three provinces used their people against Punjab to raise their voices for the sake of their rights. Such kind of movements did not benefit the general public but their leaders gained a lot from it. Sindh consider Punjab as a thief of their water. Baluchistan claims as it is the producer of national resources including national gas and Baluchistan is deprived of the facilities and there resources are eaten up by Punjab.

The people of K.P (NWFP) has been loyal to the country and there are a number of Pathans in Armed Forces. But after becoming a poor victim of terrorism and starting of operations in K.P (NWFP) and tribal areas, these Pathans lost the confidence on the government and withdrawn their sympathies for the country. Another conflict of Hazara Province in K.P (NWFP) and Saraiki Province in Punjab also added flames in the problem of nation building.

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